Why Lithium Ion?
Apart from being the lightest metal, Lithium has long known to hold high energy density, making it one of the most suitable raw materials in energy storage solutions. Batteries based on Lithium Ion technology are light in weight, small in size, can be used for hundreds to thousands of charge/ discharge cycles and can last really long.
Advantages of Lithium Ion Battery Technology
Listed below are some of the advantages of Lithium Ion Battery Technology.
Priming is no longer a requirement: Unlike other rechargeable cells, priming for the first charge is no longer a requirement with Li-ion batteries.
- Low maintenance: Lithium Ion batteries do not need periodic maintenance like lead acid batteries and they do not suffer from memory effect, a problem commonly found in Ni-Cd cells.
- High energy density: As your everyday devices become smaller and lighter, advances in Lithium battery technology offer a welcome respite to the electronic industry which has hit a limiter in terms of space and weight savings. The higher energy density in Lithium ion batteries ensure that the battery footprint in the application always remain minimal as compared to other energy storage technologies.
- Self-discharge: The self discharge of Li-ion battery is much lower as compared to other storage technologies.
- Variety of available chemistries: Within Lithium ion technology, you have the choice of different chemistries. So if longer life cycle is important and energy density is not too much of a concern, LiFePO4 (Lithium Ferrous Phosphate or LFP) technology is the way to go. If high energy density is important and you are not so worried about the cycle life, you can choose between LiMn2O4 (Lithium Manganese Oxide)/ LiCoO2 (Lithium Cobalt)/ LiNiMnCoO2 (Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt or NMC) or LiNiCoAlO2 (Lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminium Oxide) battery technology.